The role of mainstream General Practice in Aboriginal Health


Mainstream primary care has an important role in ensuring better service provision, including improved health assessment uptake. The CESPHN Aboriginal Health and Wellbeing program aims to improve the capacity of mainstream primary care services to deliver culturally sensitive services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. CESPHN also work with Community Controlled Health Services, including Aboriginal Medical Services to support improved Aboriginal Health and Wellbeing.


Identifying patients of Aboriginal descent

Aboriginal people experience significantly poorer health than that of non-Aboriginal people and are at higher risk of developing certain chronic disease. Identification ensures health care needs can be appropriately met. Practice staff and GPs can support Aboriginal patients to self-identify, which is the essential first step in providing specific health services. A patient is considered to be of Aboriginal descent if they identify as being so. Appearance is not a reliable way of determining cultural identity. Routine identification can be assisted through:

  • staff cultural awareness training
  • improved understanding of the need for and the benefits of health assessments
  • culturally appropriate resources in the waiting room
  • staff being confident when asking patients the question (of ethnic origin) and explaining its importance. An appropriate way to ask is:

"Are you of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander descent?"

Alternatively, staff may feel more comfortable using a less direct line of questioning, which can then open the conversation for future enquiry. For example:

"Do you identify with a particular cultural background?"

A RACGP fact sheet on identification of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander patients can be viewed at: RACGP 3rd Edition Standards Fact Sheet for Identification of Patients.

Health assessments

Health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People – MBS Item 715

Medical practitioners providing a health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should use MBS Item 715. This MBS health assessment item has no designated time or complexity requirements. The length of the health assessment will be at the medical practitioner's discretion. MBS Item 715 should be used for health assessments for the following age groups:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children who are less than 15 years old
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults who are aged 15 years and over but under the age of 55 years
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander older people who are aged 55 years and over
  • Healthy Kids Check provided by a practice nurse or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner – MBS Item 1098
    The MBS health assessment for a Healthy Kids Check provided by a practice nurse or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner on behalf of a medical practitioner is provided under MBS Item 10986.

NACCHO guide to a Preventative health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

MBS Item 715 (Health Assessment) Factsheet - Health Assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People (MBS ITEM 715)

Health Assessment Proformas:

PBS Co-payment Measure

The Government has introduced assistance to eliminate or lower the cost of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) medicines for Aboriginal patients living with, or at risk of, chronic disease. The PBS Co-payment measure is a response to identifying that cost is a significant barrier to accessing medicines for Aboriginal people. Additional information on the Measure is available at the Department of Human Services' Closing the Gap website.

Forms for the PIP Indigenous Health Incentive and PBS Co-Payment Measure:

PIP Indigenous Health Incentive

The Practice Incentive (PIP) Indigenous Health Incentive is aimed at supporting general practice, as well as Aboriginal health services to provide a comprehensive range of health services to Aboriginal people with chronic health problems. Financial incentives are arranged into 3 components that are based upon the level of care provided. Practices participating in the incentive will also have increased access to supporting health services for their patients. More information on the PIP Indigenous Health Incentive can be accessed at:

Practices registered for the Indigenous Health Practice Incentive Program

Practices registered for the Indigenous Health Practice Incentive Program

Please select the first letter of a suburb that is nearest to you: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Balmain Dr Ramrakha Surgery 77 Elliott Street, Balmain 9810 1523
Bardwell Park K & L Oey Family Medical Practice 15 Hartill-law Avenue, Bardwell Park 9599 1322
Broadway Broadway General Practice Lvl 1, Broadway Shopping Ctre, 1 Bay St, Broadway 8245 1500
Broadway UTS Health Service Level 6, Tower Bldg 1, 15 Broadway City Campus 9514 1177
Bundeena Bundeena Family Practice Shop 5, 22-30 Brighton Street, Bundeena 9523 5880
Burwood Burleigh Street Surgery 4 Burleigh Street, Burwood 9745 6560
Burwood Burwood Medical Practice 179 Burwood Rd, Burwood 9747 6327
Burwood Burwood Westfield Medical Centre Shop 300, Level 2, Burwood Westfield, Burwood 9744 3330
Burwood The Clocktower Medical Centre Shop 2, 266-274 Burwood Road, Burwood 9747 4005
Burwood Sydney Inner West Medical Centre 188-190 Burwood Road, Burwood 9745 3381
Campsie Campsie Centre Medical Clinic Shop 40-41, The Campsie Ctre, 14-28 Amy St, Campsie 9718 1888
Campsie Campsie Family Medical Centre 248 Beamish Street, Campsie 9718 0633
Campsie Campsie Healthcare Medical Practice Lvl 1, 157-159 Beamish St, Campsie 9787 9766
Campsie Dr Hamdy Boulis Surgery 14 Evaline Street, Campsie 9787 4986
Cronulla South Cronulla Family Practice 3/26 Ewos Pde, Cronulla 9527 2000
Croydon Park Dr Dhanapalan Family Practice 58 Georges River Road, Croydon Park 9799 1593
Drummoyne DMC Medical Centre 159 Victoria Rd, Drummoyne 9819 6666
Earlwood Dr Papadakis & Dr Ralec Surgery 18 Clarke St, Earlwood 9558 0171
Enfield Dr Doong's Surgery 26 King Street, Enfield 9745 2755
Engadine Engadine Medical & Allied Health Group 93 Cambrai Avenue, Engadine 9520 8900
Enmore First Care Medical Centre 214 Enmore Road, Enmore 9519 4888
Erskineville Erskineville Doctors 91 Erskineville Road, Erskineville 9557 2266
Glebe Glebe Family Medical Practice 114 Glebe Point Road, Glebe 9660 8399
Homebush Homebush Medical Practice 16 Rochester Street 9746 6005
Homebush Homebush Medical and Dental Centre 17 The Crescent, Homebush 9746 7789
Hurlstone Park Hurlstone Park Medical Centre 859 New Canterbury Road, Hurlstone Park 9558 0218
Kirrawee Australian Health Care Centre 498 - 500 Princes Hwy, Kirrawee 9542 1566
Kirrawee Vitalis Family Medical Practice Ground Floor, 550 Princess Hwy, Kirrawee 8123 1133
Kogarah Blue Shield Family General Practice Suite 3, Level 1/19 Kensington Street, Kogarah 9553 7505
Lakemba Lakemba Medical Services 27-31 Railway Parade, Lakemba 9758 1800
Lakemba United Medical Centre 116 Haldon Street, Lakemba 9759 0947
Leichhardt Your Doctors Leichhardt 93-95 Balmain Rd, Leichhardt 9550 0288
Leichhardt General Medical Practice 102 Marion Street, Leichhardt 9569 6051
Leichhardt Leichhardt General Practice 210 Norton Street, Leichhardt 9560 2511
Little Bay Prince Henry Medical Practice Shop 5, Pine Avenue, Little Bay 9921 1708
Malabar Malabar Medical Centre 1216 Anzac Parade, Malabar 9311 2324
Maroubra GP Maroubra 14 Meagher Avenue, Maroubra 9311 9311
Marrickville Marrickville Medical Centre Shop 5, 296 Marrickville Road, Marrickville 9568 4188
Marrickville Marrickville Medical Practice 221a Marrickville Road, Marrickville 9550 9292
Marrickville Kennedy Family Medical Practice 1a South Street, Marrickville 9559 5022
Miranda Miranda Central General Practice Suite 1, 601 Kingsway, Miranda 9526 1233
Miranda Miranda Medical Centre 573 Kingsway, Miranda 9540 1044
Mortdale Mortdale Medical Practice 33 Morts Road, Mortdale 9580 1804
Narwee Narwee Medical Centre 137 Penshurst Road, Narwee 9153 8311
Newtown Newtown Medical Practice 327 King St, Newtown 9557 5254
Newtown Church Street Medical Practice 280 Church Street, Newtown 9516 2944
Newtown Alice St General Practice 6 Alice St, Newtown 9550 6201
North Strathfield Station Family Practice 117-119 Queen Street, North Strathfield 8757 3524
Peakhurst K & L Oey Family Medical Practice 14A Park Street, Peakhurst 9153 6670
Petersham Dr Patricia Mohr-Bell Surgery 342 Stanmore Rd, Petersham 9560 5610
Pyrmont Sanctuary Health Wellbeing Village 7 Harris St, Pyrmont 9506 0400
Redfern Krishnan Services - Redfern 429 Cleveland Street, Redfern 9319 7600
Redfern Poet's Corner Medical Centre Shop 5, 45 Morehead Street, Redfern 9698 3060
Redfern Surry Hills Village Medical Centre Shop 13, Surry Hills Village Centre, Redfern 9319 0656
Redfern Dr A. Jones Surgery 79 Pitt St, Redfern 9699 8327
Redfern Aboriginal Medical Service Cooperative (AMS) 36 Turner Street, Redfern 9319 5823
Roselands Primacare Family Medical Centre Shop L25 Roselands Dr, Centro Shopping Ctr 9759 8111
Rozelle Rozelle Medical Centre 687 Darling Street, Rozelle 9818 1355
Rozelle Rozelle Total Health 579 Darling Street, Rozelle 9087 4600
Strathfield Strathfield Family Medical Centre 18a The Boulevarde, Strathfield 9744 7522
Strathfield Albert Road Medical Centre 60 Albert Rd, Strathfield 9746 9440
Summer Hill Your Doctors Summer Hill 3 Lackey St, Summer Hill 9797 3900
Summer Hill The Village Medical Practice 130 Smith St, Summer Hill 9798 3100
Sutherland Shire Family Practice 2/154 Flora Street, Sutherland 9545 1777
Sydney Hyde Park Medical Centre 175 Liverpool Street, Sydney 9283 1234
Waterloo Dr Tan Surgery 672 Elizabeth Street, Waterloo 9699 8593
Waterloo Green Square Health 4/965 Bourke Street, Waterloo 9699 8111
Waterloo Waterloo Medical Centre 134 Raglan Street, Waterloo 9319 5823